TY - THES
T1 - Geometric algorithms for algebraic curves and surfaces
A1 - Kerber,Michael
Y1 - 2010/05/04
N2 - This work presents novel geometric algorithms dealing with algebraic curves and surfaces of arbitrary degree. These algorithms are exact and complete — they return the mathematically true result for all input instances. Efficiency is achieved by cutting back expensive symbolic computation and favoring combinatorial and adaptive numerical methods instead, without spoiling exactness in the overall result. We present an algorithm for computing planar arrangements induced by real algebraic curves. We show its efficiency both in theory by a complexity analysis, as well as in practice by experimental comparison with related methods. For the latter, our solution has been implemented in the context of the Cgal library. The results show that it constitutes the best current exact implementation available for arrangements as well as for the related problem of computing the topology of one algebraic curve. The algorithm is also applied to related problems, such as arrangements of rotated curves, and arrangments embedded on a parameterized surface. In R3, we propose a new method to compute an isotopic triangulation of an algebraic surface. This triangulation is based on a stratification of the surface, which reveals topological and geometric information. Our implementation is the first for this problem that makes consequent use of numerical methods, and still yields the exact topology of the surface.
KW - Algorithmus
KW - Algebraische Kurve
KW - Algebraische Fläche
KW - Numerisches Verfahren
KW - Triangulation
CY - Saarbrücken
PB - Saarländische Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek
AD - Postfach 151141, 66041 Saarbrücken
UR - http://scidok.sulb.uni-saarland.de/volltexte/2010/2949
ER -