TY - RPRT
T1 - An alternative proof method for possibilistic logic and its application to terminological logics
T3 - Kaiserslautern ; Saarbrücken : DFKI, 1993
A1 - Hollunder,Bernhard
Y1 - 2011/07/05
N2 - Possibilistic logic, an extension of first-order logic, deals with uncertainty that can be estimated in terms of possibility and necessity measures. Syntactically, this means that a first-order formula is equipped with a possibility degree or a necessity degree that expresses to what extent the formula is possibly or necessarily true. Possibilistic resolution, an extension of the well-known resolution principle, yields a calculus for possibilistic logic which respects the semantics developed for possibilistic logic. A drawback, which possibilistic resolution inherits from classical resolution, is that it may not terminate if applied to formulas belonging to decidable fragments of first-order logic. Therefore we propose an alternative proof method for possibilistic logic. The main feature of this method is that it completely abstracts from a concrete calculus but uses as basic operation a test for classical entailment. If this test is decidable for some fragment of first-order logic then possibilistic reasoning is also decidable for this fragment. We then instantiate possibilistic logic with a terminological logic, which is a decidable subclass of first-order logic but nevertheless much more expressive than propositional logic. This yields an extension of terminological logics towards the representation of uncertain knowledge which is satisfactory from a semantic as well as algorithmic point of view.
KW - Künstliche Intelligenz
CY - Saarbrücken
PB - Saarländische Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek
AD - Postfach 151141, 66041 Saarbrücken
UR - http://scidok.sulb.uni-saarland.de/volltexte/2011/3798
ER -