TY - THES
T1 - Correlation induced electrostatic effects in biomolecular systems
A1 - Weggler,Sophie
Y1 - 2011/05/16
N2 - An understanding of electrostatic interactions in biomolecular systems is crucial for many applications in molecular biology. This thesis focuses on the theoretical modeling of two effects: first, the change in the dielectric properties of water due to hydrogen bond formation and second, the reentrant condensation of proteins induced by protein-metal ion complexation. A nonlocal response theory is necessary to describe the dielectric effects of hydrogen bond formation. Correctly formulating this theory for a solvated biomolecule is challenging, because the biomolecule's cavity poses an obstacle for the water network. We develop a theory explicitly incorporating boundary conditions to describe the water network on the molecular surface. We implement an accurate and efficient finite difference solver, which offers the possibility to easily investigate different physically motivated boundary effects. A detailed analysis of different nonlocal models reveals that, for the macroscopic behavior, the boundary conditions are of minor importance, while for a detailed understanding of the electrostatics near the molecular surface the correct modeling of the hydrogen bond formation is crucial. Recent experimental findings describe a reentrant condensation of proteins in solutions of varying metal ion concentration. We present a heuristic model to account for the metal ion binding on the molecular surface which qualitatively and quantitatively explains the phase diagram of this condensation effect.
KW - Elektrostatik
KW - Korrelation
KW - Numerische Mathematik
KW - Finite-Differenzen-Methode
KW - Monte-Carlo-Simulation
KW - Proteine
KW - Dielektrische Polarisation
CY - Saarbrücken
PB - Saarländische Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek
AD - Postfach 151141, 66041 Saarbrücken
UR - http://scidok.sulb.uni-saarland.de/volltexte/2011/3928
ER -