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Report (Bericht) zugänglich unter
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:291-scidok-40752

Improving parsing by incorporating "prosodic clause boundaries" into a grammar

Bakenecker, G. ; Block, U. ; Batliner, Anton ; Kompe, Ralf ; Nöth, Elmar ; Regel-Brietzmann, P.

Quelle: (1994) Saarbrücken, 1994
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SWD-Schlagwörter: Künstliche Intelligenz
Institut: DFKI Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz
DDC-Sachgruppe: Informatik
Dokumentart: Report (Bericht)
Schriftenreihe: Vm-Report / Verbmobil, Verbundvorhaben, [Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz]
Bandnummer: 37
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 1994
Publikationsdatum: 03.08.2011
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: In written language, punctuation is used to separate main and subordinate clause. In spoken language, ambiguities arise due to missing punctuation, but clause boundaries are often marked prosodically and can be used instead. We detect PCBs (Prosodically markedClauseBoundaries) by using prosodic features (duration, intonation, energy, and pause information) with a neural network, achieving a recognition rate of 82%. PCBs are integrated into our grammar using a special syntactic category "break" that can be used in the phrase-structure rules of the grammar in a similar way as punctuation is used in grammars for written language. Whereas punctuation in most cases is obligatory, PCBs are sometimes optional. Moreover, they can in principle occur everywhere in the sentence due e.g. to hesitations or misrecognition. To cope with these problems we tested two different approaches: A slightly modified parser for word chains containing PCBs and a word graph parser that takes the probabilities of PCBs into account. Tests were conducted on a subset of infinitive subordinate clauses from a large speech database containing sentences from the domain of train table inquiries. The average number of syntactic derivations could be reduced by about 70 % even when working on recognized word graphs.
Lizenz: Standard-Veröffentlichungsvertrag

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